Geography of Chile
Chile is on of the longest and narrowest in countries in the world, from north to south it is approximately 4,300 km long, with an average width of 177 km. Its territory extends to the west and southwest of South America, bordered on the north by Peru, on the east by Bolivia and Argentina, and to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. It is the southernmost country in the world, with a presence on three continents: America, Antarctica and Oceania (Easter Island), one of the main tourist destinations.
Chilean nature is very diverse - ancient glaciers, salt lakes, the driest desert on the planet, forests, lakes and volcanoes. The mainland of the country is marked by the Andes mountain range in the east, formed by intervening valleys, another mountain range called Cordillera de la Costa and the coastal plains bathed by the Pacific Ocean. Along the vast coast lie many cities, including Arica, Iquique, Antofagasta, La Serena, Valparaiso, Vina del Mar, Concepción, Puerto Montt and Punta Arenas, among many others.
The mountainous area has one of the highest volcanoes in the world, Ojos del Salado (6893 meters) on the north. In the extreme south Patagonian Andes emerge, highlighting the beautiful set of Torres del Paine mountains, which is since 1959 a National Park, where you can enjoy ancient glaciers and the diverse wildlife that inhabits this place.
The Chilean economy stands out among the most stable and thriving in the world. The market encourages competition and trade liberalization. The growth of the last decade has averaged around 5% annually.
It is open, competitive, and free trade oriented with strong export policy. It is therefore not surprising that Chile is one of the countries that have signed free trade agreements in recent years, including with the European Union, United States, South Korea, Canada and China. Chile has a wide range of products, services and opportunities.
Historically, the country's main industry has been mining, geared primarily to copper, of which it is the largest producer in the world. However, in recent years, agricultural production activity has become quite valuable. It is now a main exporter of salmon and trout.
The same goes for the production of fruit, actively traded in international markets. They include apples and grapes of different types and flavors, kiwis and berry varieties.
The export of such products has reached historic levels by opening the doors of Asian and European markets.
Moreover, the exceptional climatic conditions of the territory enable the production of quality wines privileged to be one of the most important exporters of New World wines. Chile is at the forefront of leading wine producing countries in the territory. Wines are produced in varieties missing in other continents, generating great expectations abroad. Wine export from Chile is as significant as that of countries such as the UK, USA and Canada
In Chile there are 15,116,435 inhabitants. 86.6% of the total population lives in urban areas and 6.8 million live in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, the capital of the country
Inhabitants of Chile
The contact between the indigenous peoples of Chile and Spanish conquistadors began in the early sixteenth century. They were joined by those who came from other European and Asian nations. Each day a mixture of different cultures is formed in Chile, that now totals about 16 million people.
First Nations People
Before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in 1536.The territory called Chile was inhabited by the Incas, Atacama, Diaguitas, in the North; Mapuche Yagan, Tehuelches and Onas in the south.
According to the 2002 census, 4.6% of the inhabitants of Chile, about 700,000 people, were considered belonging to different ethnic groups. The Mapuche, the largest, lives in the south of the country and Santiago. The Aymara and Atacama are north, the Rapa Nui, Easter Island, and yámanas alacalufes, south end.
Aimara: 7,1 %
Quechua: 0,89 %
Rapa nui: 0,67%
The official language of Chile is Spanish. Also spoken are Mapudungun, Aymara, Rapa Nui, Quechua and alacalufe (Kawésqar).
Chile is a country of contrasts - you can find many types of climates, while the North boasts the driest desert in the world, in the ancient forests of the South, the rains do not stop.
In the central area the weather is mild and warm. As you move further south the temperatures drop and the rains and winds increase.
The range is completed by Easter Island and the Juan Fernández archipelago, each with a strong warm subtropical climate.
Santiago has a mild Mediterranean climate. In summer, the average maximum temperature is 29 ° C, which descends at night to 15 ° C. The winter months of June to September, are the perfect scenario for skiing at various centers in the Andes. Temperatures at this time of year can reach an average of 8 ° C.
Chilean Peso CLP ($)
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